Theories of knowing

Committing and acting or rejecting and not acting. It is a well-worn term often used with little attention to meaning.

Theories of knowing

Behavioral theories focus on how leaders behave. For instance, do leaders dictate what needs to be done and expect cooperation? Or do they involve their teams in decision-making to encourage acceptance and support?

In the s, Kurt Lewin developed a framework based on a leader's behavior. He argued that there are three types of leaders: Autocratic leaders make decisions without consulting their teams. This style of leadership is considered appropriate when decisions need to be made quickly, when there's no need for input, and when team agreement isn't necessary for a successful outcome.

Democratic leaders allow the team to provide input before making a decision, although the degree of input can vary from leader to leader. This style is important when team agreement matters, but it can be difficult to manage when there are lots of different perspectives and ideas. Laissez-faire leaders don't interfere; they allow people within the team to make many of the decisions.

This works well when the team is highly capable, is motivated, and doesn't need close supervision. However, this behavior can arise because the leader is lazy or distracted; and this is where this style of leadership can fail.

Theories of knowing

Clearly, how leaders behave affects their performance. Researchers have realized, though, that many of these leadership behaviors are appropriate at different times. The best leaders are those who can use many different behavioral styles, and choose the right style for each situation.

Our article "Laissez Faire" versus Micromanagement looks at how you can find the right balance between autocratic and laissez-faire styles of leadership, while our article on the Blake-Mouton Managerial Grid helps you decide how to behave as a leader, depending on your concerns for people and for production.

The realization that there is no one correct type of leader led to theories that the best leadership style depends on the situation.

These theories try to predict which style is best in which circumstance. Finding This Article Useful? Subscribe to Our Newsletter Receive new career skills every week, plus get our latest offers and a free downloadable Personal Development Plan workbook.

Read our Privacy Policy For instance, when you need to make quick decisions, which style is best? When you need the full support of your team, is there a more effective way to lead?

Should a leader be more people-oriented or task-oriented?

Setting the Scene

These are all questions that contingency leadership theories try to address. Popular contingency-based models include House's Path-Goal Theory.The Nature of Knowing. 1.

Learning Theories And Nursing Education - Nursing Certification Courses References and Further Reading 1.
Theory of Knowledge: Introduction to Theory of Knowledge (video) | Khan Academy Knowledge development in the discipline of nursing has generated and continues to generate philosophical, theoretical, and scientific knowledge, which serve as a basis for further reflections, investigations, and refinement, and as a source of new knowledge.

Knowing a statement to be true involves: a. the fact that in some sense or by some criterion the statement is actually true. Grand theories of development include psychoanalytic theory, learning theory and cognitive theory. These theories seek to explain much of human behavior but are often considered outdated and incomplete in the face of modern research.

Since the early 20th Century, business leaders and psychologists have tried to identify key leadership theories and models to reflect what exactly makes a good leader and what a true leader is. Oct 16,  · Although a discussion about knowledge and knowing may seem esoteric and even futile, I claim that if mathematics education theories want to provide suitable accounts of learning they need to clarify what they believe constitutes knowledge and knowing in the first place.

There is already a proliferation of theories though only a few are widely used. When applying theory, there is no substitute for knowing the audience.

Participatory program design, evaluation and research improve the odds of success. Theories are for professional nursing. Theory is "a creative and rigorous structuring of ideas that projects a tentative, purposeful, and systematic view of phenomena" A theory makes it possible to "organize the relationship among the concepts to describe, explain, predict, and control practice".

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