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The expression "Land of Israel" is first used in a later book, 1 Samuel It is defined in detail in the exilic Book of Ezekiel as a land where both the twelve tribes and the "strangers in their midst", can claim inheritance.
Deriving from the name "Israel", other designations that came to be associated with the Jewish people have included the " Children of Israel " or "Israelite". More precise geographical borders are given Exodus Exodus 23[ edit ] A slightly more detailed definition is given in Exodus Only the "Red Sea" Exodus Although the English name "Red Sea" is derived from this name "Erythraean" derives from the Greek for redthe term denoted all the waters surrounding Arabia—including the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulfnot The struggle for the holy land essay the sea lying to the west of Arabia bearing this name in modern English.
Thus, the entire Arabian peninsula lies within the borders described. Modern maps depicting the region take a reticent view and often leave the southern and eastern borders vaguely defined. The borders of the land to be conquered given in Numbers have a precisely defined eastern border which included the Arabah and Jordan.
Tribal allotments of Israel Numbers The tribes of ReubenGad and half of Manasseh received land east of the Jordan as explained in Numbers These borders are again mentioned in Deuteronomy 1: According to the Hebrew Bible, Canaan was the son of Ham who with his descendants had seized the land from the descendants of Shem according to the Book of Jubilees.
Jewish tradition thus refers to the region as Canaan during the period between the Flood and the Israelite settlement. Eliezer Schweid sees Canaan as a geographical name, and Israel the spiritual name of the land.
The uniqueness of the Land of Israel is thus "geo-theological" and not merely climatic. This is the land which faces the entrance of the spiritual world, that sphere of existence that lies beyond the physical world known to us through our senses.
This is the key to the land's unique status with regard to prophecy and prayer, and also with regard to the commandments.
The English expression " Promised Land " can denote either the land promised to Abraham in Genesis or the land of Canaan, although the latter meaning is more common. Jewish tradition as expressed in the commentaries of Rashi and Yehuda Halevias well as the Aramaic Targums understand this as referring to the Nile ; more precisely the Pelusian branch of the Nile Delta according to Halevi—a view supported by Egyptian and Assyrian texts.
Kaftor Vaferech placed it in the same region, which approximates the location of the former Pelusian branch of the Nile. Easton's, however, notes a local tradition that the course of the river had changed and there was once a branch of the Nile where today there is a wadi.
Biblical minimalists have suggested that the Besor is intended. Deuteronomy 19[ edit ] Deuteronomy According to Jacob MilgromDeuteronomy refers to a more utopian map of the promised land, whose eastern border is the wilderness rather than the Jordan.
Williamson notes that a "close examination of the relevant promissory texts" supports a "wider interpretation of the promised land" in which it is not "restricted absolutely to one geographical locale".
He argues that "the map of the promised land was never seen permanently fixed, but was subject to at least some degree of expansion and redefinition.
The territory defined by these borders is divided into twelve strips, one for each of the twelve tribes. Hence, Numbers 34 and Ezekiel 47 define different but similar borders which include the whole of contemporary Lebanonboth the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and Israelexcept for the South Negev and Eilat.
Small parts of Syria are also included. From Dan to Beersheba[ edit ] The common biblical phrase used to refer to the territories actually settled by the Israelites as opposed to military conquests is "from Dan to Beersheba " or its variant "from Beersheba to Dan"which occurs many times in the Bible.
It is found in the biblical verses Judges Division of Tribes[ edit ] The 12 tribes of Israel are divided in 1 Kings In the chapter, King Solomon 's sins lead to Israelites forfeiting 10 of the 12 tribes:Review Essays; Search Foreign Affairs The Palestine Triangle: The Struggle for the Holy Land, by Nicholas Bethell Reviewed by John C.
Campbell. About the Author: Read more by John C. Campbell. In This Review. The Palestine Triangle: The Struggle for the Holy Land, By Nicholas Bethell.
Putnam, Jun 21, · The Struggle for the Holy Land - Part I Jerusalem fell to invading Muslim forces in AD. I t was conquered by force of arms af ter a year-long siege, not by gentle persuasion and enlightened preaching (as some modern commentators would have you believe). The term "Land of Israel" is a direct translation of the Hebrew phrase ארץ ישראל (Eretz Yisrael), which occasionally occurs in the Bible, and is first mentioned in the Tanakh in 1 Samuel , following the Exodus, when the Israelite tribes were already in the Land of Canaan.
The words are used sparsely in the Bible: King David is ordered to gather 'strangers to the land of Israel. Let us eschew the familiar examples: the disinvited speakers, the Title IX tribunals, the safe zones stocked with Play-Doh, the crusades against banh mi. Concerning the Origin of Peoples.
The True Identity of the So-called Palestinians. In this essay I would like to present the true origin and identity of the Arab people commonly known as "Palestinians", and the widespread myths surrounding them. A collection of essays curated by the progressive group Jewish Voice for Peace, the book under review provides a diversity of perspectives and standpoints exploring critical questions concerning uses and abuses of antisemitism in the twenty-first-century, focusing on the intersection between antisemitism, accusations of antisemitism, and Palestinian human rights activism.