Origins[ edit ] The concept for the series originated in with Cedric Messinaa BBC producer who specialised in television productions of theatrical classics, while he was on location at Glamis Castle in AngusScotland, shooting an adaptation of J. By the time he had returned to London, however, his idea had grown considerably, and he now envisioned an entire series devoted exclusively to the dramatic work of Shakespeare; a series which would adapt all thirty-seven Shakespearean plays. He had anticipated that everyone in the BBC would be excited about the concept, but this did not prove so. Furthermore, they argued that Shakespeare on television rarely worked, and they were of the opinion that there was simply no need to do all thirty-seven plays, as many were obscure and would not find an audience amongst the general public, even in England.
At eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman seven or eight years his senior. Together they raised two daughters: Susanna, who was born inand Judith whose twin brother died in boyhoodborn in Little is known about Shakespeare's activities between and Robert Greene's A Groatsworth of Wit alludes to him as an actor and playwright.
Shakespeare may have taught at school during this period, but it seems more probable that shortly after he went to London to begin his apprenticeship as an actor. Due to the plague, the London theaters were often closed between June and April During that period, Shakespeare probably had some income from his patron, Henry Wriothesley, earl of Southampton, to whom he dedicated his first two poems, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece The former was a long narrative poem depicting the rejection of Venus by Adonis, his death, and the consequent disappearance of beauty from the world.
Despite conservative objections to the poem's glorification of sensuality, it was immensely popular and was reprinted six times during the nine years following its publication. InShakespeare joined the Lord Chamberlain's company of actors, the most popular of the companies acting at Court.
In Shakespeare joined a group of Chamberlain's Men that would form a syndicate to build and operate a new playhouse: With his share of the income from the Globe, Shakespeare was able to purchase New Place, his home in Stratford.
While Shakespeare was regarded as the foremost dramatist of his time, evidence indicates that both he and his contemporaries looked to poetry, not playwriting, for enduring fame. Shakespeare's sonnets were composed between andthough not published until That edition, The Sonnets of Shakespeare, consists of sonnets, all written in the form of three quatrains and a couplet that is now recognized as Shakespearean.
The sonnets fall into two groups: Nearly all of Shakespeare's sonnets examine the inevitable decay of time, and the immortalization of beauty and love in poetry. In his poems and plays, Shakespeare invented thousands of words, often combining or contorting Latin, French, and native roots.
His impressive expansion of the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, includes such words as: Shakespeare wrote more than thirty plays. These are usually divided into four categories: His earliest plays were primarily comedies and histories such as Henry VI and The Comedy of Errors, but inShakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet, his second tragedy, and over the next dozen years he would return to the form, writing the plays for which he is now best known: Only eighteen of Shakespeare's plays were published separately in quarto editions during his lifetime; a complete collection of his works did not appear until the publication of the First Folio inseveral years after his death.
Nonetheless, his contemporaries recognized Shakespeare's achievements. Francis Meres cited "honey-tongued" Shakespeare for his plays and poems inand the Chamberlain's Men rose to become the leading dramatic company in London, installed as members of the royal household in Sometime afterShakespeare retired from the stage and returned to his home in Stratford.
He drew up his will in January ofwhich included his famous bequest to his wife of his "second best bed.William Shakespeare, Shakespeare also spelled Shakspere, byname Bard of Avon or Swan of Avon, (baptized April 26, , Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England—died April 23, , Stratford-upon-Avon), English poet, dramatist, and actor, often called the English national poet and considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time.
Plot summaries of all the plays, including those of doubtful or joint authorship, such as Edward III, The Two Noble Kinsmen, Sir Thomas More (partly written by Shakespeare), and Cardenio (probably partly written by Shakespeare).
William Shakespeare is among the most renowned playwrights ever to grace British soil. Known for his iconic works such as Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, Romeo Juliet and King Lear, Shakespeare has been a cultural figure in .
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Glass Menagerie Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. First performed around , Hamlet tells the story of a prince whose duty to revenge his father’s death entangles him in philosophical problems he can’t solve.
Shakespeare’s best-known play is widely regarded as the most influential literary work ever written. Read a character analysis of Hamlet, plot summary, and important quotes.
Type of Work Romeo and Juliet is a stage tragedy written between and The play centers on a teenage boy and girl who fall in love and marry against the wishes of their parents.