The Sociological Perspective Adapted from I. We are who we are and we behave the way we do because we happen to live in a particular society at a particular point in space and time. People tend to accept their social world unquestioningly, as something "natural.
A theory may explain human behavior, for example, by describing how humans interact or how humans react to certain stimuli. Social work practice models describe how social workers can implement theories.
Practice models provide social workers with a blueprint of how to help others based on the underlying social work theory. While a theory explains why something happens, a practice model shows how to use a theory to create change.
Social Work Theories There are many social work theories that guide social work practice. Here are some of the major theories that are generally accepted in the field of social work: It is premised on the idea that an effective system is based on individual needs, rewards, expectations, and attributes of the people living in the system.
According to this theory, families, couples, and organization members are directly involved in resolving a problem even if it is an individual issue.
New behavior will continue if it is reinforced. According to this theory, rather than simply hearing a new concept and applying it, the learning process is made more efficient if the new behavior is modeled as well.
Erikson believed everyone must pass through eight stages of development over the life cycle: Each stage is divided into age ranges from infancy to older adults.
This social work theory describes the personality as consisting of the id responsible for following basic instinctsthe superego attempts to follow rules and behave morallyand the ego mediates between the id and the ego. In healthy individuals, these stages contribute to creativity, wisdom, and altruism.
In people lacking healthy ego development, experiences can lead to psychosis. Social Work Practice Models There are many different practice models that influence the way social workers choose to help people meet their goals.
Here are some of the major social work practice models used in various roles, such as case managers and therapists: Rather than tell clients what to do, social workers teach clients how to apply a problem solving method so they can develop their own solutions.
Social workers and clients collaborate together and create specific strategies and steps to begin reaching those goals. In the story, the client is not defined by the problem, and the problem exists as a separate entity.
Social workers assist clients in identifying patterns of irrational and self-destructive thoughts and behaviors that influence emotions. The model includes seven stages: This social work practice model is commonly used with clients who are expressing suicidal ideation.Feb 26, · Both psychological approaches have positives and negatives which will be outlined and also how both of these approaches could help in a specific area of health and social care.
One initial positive of the psychodynamic approach is that it has highlighted the importance of the unconscious mind and the affect it can have on the .
This perspective proposes going beyond a notion of the ill human being as a juxtaposition of BPS variables, in order to account for the complementary, indissociable and complex articulation of the corporeal, the social and the psychological. The interaction of biological, psychological, and social aspects of developmental psychology form the essence of the holistic biopsychosocial r-bridal.com biopsychosocial perspective attributes complex phenomena or events to multiple causes.
But community psychology differs from public health in its concern with mental health, social institutions, and the quality of life in general. In many ways, community psychology is like social work, except that it has a strong research orientation. Social comparison theory – suggests that humans gain information about themselves, and make inferences that are relevant to self-esteem, by comparison to relevant others.
Social exchange theory – is an economic social theory that assumes human relationships are based on rational choice and cost-benefit analyses.
The Sociological Perspective (Adapted from I. Robertson, Sociology, NY: Worth Pub. ) The basic insight of sociology is that human behavior is shaped by the groups to which people belong and by the social interaction that takes place within those groups.