His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London. Locke was successful at Westminster and earned a place at Christ Church, Oxford.
References and Further Reading 1. Facts and Theories of Religious Diversity Scholars distinguish seven aspects of religious traditions: Smart Religious traditions differ along all these dimensions. These are the undisputed facts of religious diversity.
It is arguably the doctrinal and philosophical aspects of a religion which are foundational, in that the other aspects can only be understood in light of them. Prothero; Yandella. History Scholarly study of a wide range of religions, and comparison and evaluation of them, was to a large extent pioneered by Christian missionaries in the nineteenth century seeking to understand those whom they sought to convert.
NetlandTheories of religious diversity have largely been driven by attacks on and defenses of such claims, and discussions continue within the realm of Christian theology. Such would be the work of a religiously embedded and committed theology of religious diversity, not of a general philosophy of religious diversity.
Theories and Associations Many people associate any sort of pluralist theory of religious diversity with a number of arguably good qualities.
These qualities include but are not limited to: In contrast, any non-pluralist theory of religious diversity is associated with many arguably bad qualities.
These negative qualities include but are not limited to: These, however, are mere associations; there seems to be no obvious entailments between the theories of religious diversity and the above qualities.
In principle, it would seem that an exclusivist or inclusivist may have all or most of the good qualities, and one who accepts a theory of religious pluralism may have all or most of the bad qualities. These connections between theory and character - which are believed by some to provide practical arguments for or objections to various theories - need to be argued for.
But it is very rare for a scholar to go beyond merely assuming or asserting some sort of causal connection between the various theories about religious diversity and the above virtues and vices. Religious Pluralism A theory of religious pluralism says that all religions of some kind are the same in some valuable respect s.
While this is compatible with some religion being the best in some other respect sthe theorists using this label have in mind that many religions are equal regarding the central value s of religion. This would be the view of many naturalists, who hold that all religions are the product of human imagination, and fail to have most or all of the values claimed for them.
Byrne ; Feuerbach a. Naive Pluralisms Though naive pluralisms are not common amongst scholars in relevant fields, they are important to mention because they are entertained by many people as they begin to reflect on religious diversity.
An uninformed person, noting certain commonalities of religious belief and practice, may suppose that all religions are the same, namely, that there are no significant differences between religious traditions. This naive pluralism is refuted by accurate information on religious differences.
This is because they cannot be empirically verified, that is, their truth or falsity is not known by way of observational evidence. There are three serious problems with verificationist pluralism.
First, some religious claims can be empirically confirmed or disconfirmed.
Second, the claim that meaningfulness requires the possibility of empirical verification has little to recommend it, and is self-refuting that is, the claim itself is not empirically verifiable. While there are other sorts of negative naive pluralism, we shall concentrate on positive kinds here, as most of the scholarly literature focuses on those.
Some forms of naive pluralism suppose that all religions will turn out to be complementary. One idea is that all religions would turn out to be parts of one whole either one religion or at least one conglomeration of religions. This unified consistency may be hoped for in terms of truth, or in terms of practice.
With truth, the problem is that it is hard to see how the core claims of the religions could all be true. For instance, some religions teach that the ultimate reality the most real, only real, or primary thing is ineffable such that no human concept can apply to it.
But others teach that the ultimate reality is a perfect self, a being capable of knowledge, will, and intentional action.Diversity Essay Examples Learning in an alienated experience can result in more detail of a national cloud infrastructure may not necessarily less devastating, types of learning outcome represents the social and interactional patterns and innovations that m.
In John Locke: Association with Shaftesbury his most important philosophical work, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (), began at a meeting with friends in his rooms, probably in February The group had gathered to consider questions of morality and revealed religion (knowledge of God derived through revelation).
Equality and Diversity Essay - Part 2. Explain a teacher’s role in promoting equality and valuing diversity As a potential teacher of hairdressing I feel very passionate about equality, every learner that I will welcome into my classroom is an individual and will be treated as such.
Philosophy and Diversity Philosophy Brown/Fox Point Early Childhood Education Center is a community preschool designed to meet the needs of working families in the greater Providence community. DARE TO KNOW. To study philosophy is to learn to use logic to go beyond face-value assumptions and challenge accepted wisdom.
It is an opportunity to become more rigorous in your reasoning and learn to express your views persuasively and concisely. The word deontology derives from the Greek words for duty (deon) and science (or study) of (logos).In contemporary moral philosophy, deontology is one of those kinds of normative theories regarding which choices are morally required, forbidden, or permitted.