On average, a teen will watch 28 hours of television per week, adding up to almost 15, hours a year.
With its fast-moving, visually interesting, highly entertaining style, it commands many people's attention for several hours each day. Studies have shown that television competes with other sources of human interaction—such as family, friends, church, and school—in helping young people develop values and form ideas about the world around them.
It also influences viewers' attitudes and beliefs about themselves, as well as about people from other social, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds.
Between the s and s, commercial television had a profound and wide-ranging impact on American society and culture. It influenced the way that people think about such important social issues as race, gender, and class. It played an important role in the political process, particularly in shaping national election campaigns.
TV programs and commercials have also been mentioned as major factors contributing to increased American materialism a view that places more value on acquiring material possessions than on developing in other ways. Finally, television helped to spread American culture around the world.
Racial minorities on TV Until the s, the majority of the people who appeared on American television programs were Caucasian white. Being white was presented as normal in all sorts of programs, including news, sports, entertainment, and advertisements.
The few minorities that did appear in TV programs tended to be presented as stereotypes generalized, usually negative images of a group of people. For instance, African American actors often played roles as household servants, while Native Americans often appeared as warriors in Westerns.
Some critics argue Influences and reality essay outright racism unfair treatment of people because of their race was the reason that so few minorities appeared on television. But television industry analysts offered several other explanations as well.
In the s and s, for instance, the broadcast networks tried to create programs that would attract a wide audience. Before research tools became available to gather information about the race and gender of people watching, network programmers assumed that the audience was made up mostly of white viewers.
They also assumed that many white viewers would not be interested in watching shows about minorities. In addition, the networks did not want to risk offending viewers—or potential advertisers—in the South who supported segregation the forced separation of people by race.
Whatever the reason, prime-time television programming largely ignored the real-life concerns and contributions of America's racial minorities for many years. There were a few early TV shows that featured minorities. The popular situation comedy sitcom I Love Lucy, which aired from toco-starred comedian Lucille Ball — and her real-life husband, bandleader Desi Arnaz —who was Hispanic.
Even though the program attracted many of the top performers of that time, it was cancelled after one year because it failed to find a sponsor a company that pays to produce a program for advertising purposes. A very popular early variety program, The Ed Sullivan Show, featured a number of black performers as guests.
Still, African Americans mostly appeared on TV in the role of entertainers. This situation slowly began to improve during the civil rights movement —75when African Americans fought to end segregation and gain equal rights in American society.
TV news programs provided extensive coverage of civil rights protests, which helped turn public opinion in favor of the cause of equality. As awareness of racial discrimination unfair treatment based on race increased, more social critics began complaining about the absence of minority characters on television.
They argued that positive portrayals of minority characters in TV programs could help increase the self-esteem of minority viewers, promote understanding, and improve race relations in the United States. Breaking the color barrier InAfrican American actor and comedian Bill Cosby — costarred as a detective on the popular series I Spy.
He won three Emmy Awards for his role. In Diahann Carroll — became the first black woman to star in a prime-time TV series. She played the title character in Julia, a sitcom about a nurse raising her young child alone after her husband's death. Since Julia lived in an apartment building with both black and white tenants and never faced prejudice or discrimination due to her race, some critics complained that the show did not reflect the realities of the African American experience.
But Carroll claimed that Julia was as realistic as any other fictional program on TV. Even the white families were cardboard [one-dimensional or flat]. Once the networks could collect more detailed data about the audience, they began creating programs to appeal to specific groups.
Around this time, the networks also shifted their general focus away from older, rural viewers and toward younger, urban viewers, who were seen as more likely to spend money on sponsors' products. This change in audience focus led the networks to tackle more frequently debated issues in their programs.
As a result, several programs featuring minority characters and families first appeared in the s.Essay travel and transport paris opinion example essay videos essay on television programme vs books the best summer essay about teacher?
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“Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.” – Albert Einstein “Everything you see or hear or experience in any way at all is specific to r-bridal.com create a universe by perceiving it, so everything in the universe you perceive is specific to you.
A summary of Philosophical Influences in 's The Matrix Trilogy.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Matrix Trilogy and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The Positive and Negative Effects of Reality TV By Robert Russell ; Updated September 15, As a dominant force in television entertainment, reality TV programs are cheaper to produce and draw larger viewing audiences than standard programming -- but truthfully, some of them have little to do with reality.
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