Compounds can only be separated into elements by chemical reactions. The chemical composition of a pure substance can be represented using the element symbols, and where necessary, subscripted numbers.
Social Studies including CitizenshipGeographyHistoryEconomicsSociologyTourism and sometimes elements of law, politics and PHSE Most schools also offer drama studiesmusic and physical education but these are usually not examined or marked. Home economics is sometimes taught to female students, whereas topics related to astronomyenvironmental management and psychology are frequently included in textbooks of general science.
Sometimes archaeology and anthropology are extensively taught in textbooks of social studies. SRE is not taught at most schools in Pakistan although this trend is being rebuked by some urban schools.
Provincial and regional languages such as PunjabiSindhiPashto and others may be taught in their respective provinces, particularly in language-medium schools.
Some institutes give instruction in foreign languages such as TurkishArabicPersianFrench and Chinese.
The language of instruction depends on the nature of the institution itself, whether it is an English-medium school or an Urdu-medium school. As ofPakistan faces a net primary school attendance rate for both sexes of 66 percent: As of [update]public expenditure on education was 2.
In addition, the allocation of government funds is skewed towards higher education, allowing the upper income class to reap the majority of the benefits of public subsidy on education. Lower education institutions such as primary schools suffer under such conditions as the lower income classes are unable to enjoy subsidies and quality education.
As a result, Pakistan has one of the lowest rates of literacy in the world and the lowest among countries of comparative resources and socio-economic situations. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Secondary education in Pakistan begins from grade 9 and lasts for four years. After end of each of the school years, students are required to pass a national examination administered by a regional Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education or BISE.
Upon completion of grade 9, students are expected to take a standardised test in each of the first parts of their academic subjects. They again give these tests of the second parts of the same courses at the end of grade This is locally termed a ' matriculation certificate ' or 'matric' for short.
The curriculum usually includes a combination of eight courses including electives such as Biology, Chemistry, Computer and Physics as well as compulsory subjects such as Mathematics, English, Urdu, Islamic studies and Pakistan Studies.
Students then enter an intermediate college and complete grades 11 and Upon completion of each of the two grades, they again take standardised tests in their academic subjects. There are many streams students can choose for their 11 and 12 grades, such as pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities or social sciencescomputer science and commerce.
Each stream consists of three electives and as well as three compulsory subjects of English, Urdu, Islamiat grade 11 only and Pakistan Studies grade 12 only. Alternative qualifications in Pakistan are available but are maintained by other examination boards instead of BISE.
This replaces the secondary school education as 'High School Education' instead. Another type of education in Pakistan is called "Technical Education" and combines technical and vocational education. The vocational curriculum starts at grade 5 and ends with grade DAE is a three years program of instructions which is equivalent to 12th grade.
Diploma holders are called associate engineers. They can either join their respective field or take admission in B. Tertiary education[ edit ] The University of the Punjabestablished in Lahore, is the oldest university of Pakistan. D and nursing BSc Nursing. These courses require four or five years of study.
The accreditation councils which accredit the above professional degrees and register these professionals are: There are two types of Bachelor courses in Pakistan: Pass degree requires two years of study and students normally read three optional subjects such as Chemistry or Economics in addition to almost equal number of compulsory subjects such as Englishislamiyat and Pakistan Studies.
Honours degree requires four years of study, and students normally specialize in a chosen field of study, such as Biochemistry BSc Hons.*Overview – a short summary of what the poem is about.
*Context – background information about the poet/the poem.I’ve tried to limit this to things that are relevant to your understanding of the poem occasionally I get carried away though. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
The new edition of Essential Economics for Cambridge IGCSE supports students whose first language is not English, with a clear approach that builds understanding and confidence. As a journalist with OM, you would serve OM offices around the world by writing stories for the purposes of advocacy, recruiting, financial development, education, awareness and prayer.
On the left is the displayed formula of ethane, which shows all the atoms and individual bonds (carbon-hydrogen and carbon-carbon). Below left is stylised '3D' version of the displayed formula and you can see how it fits in with the 'ball and stick' (below it) and 'space-filling' model (below right) diagrams.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer. The benefits of such a service are held to be demonstrated by the buyer's willingness to make the exchange. Public services are those that society (nation state, fiscal union, region) as a whole pays for.