A full-time student in the university program at Malaspina University-College is any student, male or female, in any year of any undergraduate program concurrently taking three or more 3-credit courses at Malaspina University-College that is, the student must have a course load of 9 or more approved credits at this institution. This definition does not include any courses which do not have university credit e.
Bibliography Glossary of Research Terms This glossary is intended to assist you in understanding commonly used terms and concepts when reading, interpreting, and evaluating scholarly research in the social sciences.
Also included are general words and phrases defined within the context of how they apply to research in the social and behavioral sciences. Acculturation -- refers to the process of adapting to another culture, particularly in reference to blending in with the majority population [e.
However, acculturation also implies that both cultures add something to one another, but still remain distinct groups unto themselves. Accuracy -- a term used in survey research to refer to the match between the target population and the sample.
Definition of Terms For the purpose of citing, it is very important to understand the following terms. Article - This is a document written in a periodical (magazine, newspaper, or journal). A Good Example Of Definition Of Terms In A Research Paper Students have to define key terms and concepts in their research papers. If you do not know how to do this in the easiest way, you can search for good examples on the Web, visit an academic writing center, go to your university library, or ask your classmates for some help. While such extended definitions are not really common in a short essay, they are often a key part of the introduction to a longer research paper. Suppose, for instance, that you are writing a long argument (in the form of a research paper) about the dangers of the new cloning technology.
Affective Measures -- procedures or devices used to obtain quantified descriptions of an individual's feelings, emotional states, or dispositions. Aggregate -- a total created from smaller units. For instance, the population of a county is an aggregate of the populations of the cities, rural areas, etc.
As a verb, it refers to total data from smaller units into a large unit. Anonymity -- a research condition in which no one, including the researcher, knows the identities of research participants.
Baseline -- a control measurement carried out before an experimental treatment. Behaviorism -- school of psychological thought concerned with the observable, tangible, objective facts of behavior, rather than with subjective phenomena such as thoughts, emotions, or impulses.
Contemporary behaviorism also emphasizes the study of mental states such as feelings and fantasies to the extent that they can be directly observed and measured. Beliefs -- ideas, doctrines, tenets, etc. Benchmarking -- systematically measuring and comparing the operations and outcomes of organizations, systems, processes, etc.
Bias -- a loss of balance and accuracy in the use of research methods. It can appear in research via the sampling frame, random sampling, or non-response. It can also occur at other stages in research, such as while interviewing, in the design of questions, or in the way data are analyzed and presented.
Bias means that the research findings will not be representative of, or generalizable to, a wider population.
Case Study -- the collection and presentation of detailed information about a particular participant or small group, frequently including data derived from the subjects themselves. Causal Hypothesis -- a statement hypothesizing that the independent variable affects the dependent variable in some way.
Causal Relationship -- the relationship established that shows that an independent variable, and nothing else, causes a change in a dependent variable. It also establishes how much of a change is shown in the dependent variable.
Causality -- the relation between cause and effect. Central Tendency -- any way of describing or characterizing typical, average, or common values in some distribution. Chi-square Analysis -- a common non-parametric statistical test which compares an expected proportion or ratio to an actual proportion or ratio.
Claim -- a statement, similar to a hypothesis, which is made in response to the research question and that is affirmed with evidence based on research. Classification -- ordering of related phenomena into categories, groups, or systems according to characteristics or attributes.
Cluster Analysis -- a method of statistical analysis where data that share a common trait are grouped together. The data is collected in a way that allows the data collector to group data according to certain characteristics.
Cohort Analysis -- group by group analytic treatment of individuals having a statistical factor in common to each group. Group members share a particular characteristic [e.
Confidentiality -- a research condition in which no one except the researcher s knows the identities of the participants in a study. It refers to the treatment of information that a participant has disclosed to the researcher in a relationship of trust and with the expectation that it will not be revealed to others in ways that violate the original consent agreement, unless permission is granted by the participant.
Confirmability Objectivity -- the findings of the study could be confirmed by another person conducting the same study.For example, sociology professor Russell Schutt observes that " [d]eductive research begins at the point of theory, inductive research begins with data but ends with theory, and descriptive research begins with data and ends with empirical generalizations" (Investigating the Social World, ).
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Different ways that researchers define key terms are those of (a) offering no definitions, (b) providing synonyms, (c) furnishing sentence descriptions, (d) citing shared experience or knowledge, and (e) defining by the operations used in conducting the research. Provide definitions of key concepts.
(This is optional.) the sample from ", while in the final paper, it would be changed to "the researchers secured the sample from ". Once again, with the exception of tense, the proposal becomes the first three chapters of the final research paper.
The ". A context for the research by setting the scene. Example: Definition of Terms is a very brief section consisting of a series of definitions of the key terms or concepts found in the proposal. Since some words like "recreation" or "leisure" may have various meanings, it is important to clarify to the reader the way they are used in the.
Accuracy-- a term used in survey research to refer to the match between the target population and the sample. Affective Measures-- procedures or devices used to obtain quantified descriptions of an individual's feelings, emotional states, or dispositions.
Aggregate-- a total created from smaller units. For instance, the population of a county is an aggregate of the populations of the cities, rural areas, etc. .