The Freedom of Information Act 5 U. Public information; agency rules, opinions, orders, records, and proceedings a Each agency shall make available to the public information as follows: Except to the extent that a person has actual and timely notice of the terms thereof, a person may not in any manner be required to resort to, or be adversely affected by, a matter required to be published in the Federal Register and not so published. For the purpose of this paragraph, matter reasonably available to the class of persons affected thereby is deemed published in the Federal Register when incorporated by reference therein with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register.
For convenience and easy reference, the documents are presented in alphabetical order.
Access to Digital Information, Services, and Networks: Freedom of expression is an inalienable human right and the foundation for self-government. Freedom of expression encompasses the freedom of speech and the corollary right to receive information.
Libraries and librarians protect and promote these rights by selecting, producing, providing access to, identifying, retrieving, organizing, providing instruction in the use of, and preserving recorded expression regardless of the format or technology.
Access to Library Resources and Services for Minors: Library policies and procedures that effectively deny minors equal and equitable access to all library resources available to other users violate the Library Bill of Rights.
The American Library Association opposes all attempts to restrict access to library services, materials, and facilities based on the age of library users. The American Library Association stringently and unequivocally maintains that libraries and librarians have an obligation to resist efforts that systematically exclude materials dealing with any subject matter, including sex, gender identity, or sexual orientation.
Access to Resources and Services in the School Library: The school library plays a unique role in promoting intellectual freedom. It serves as a point of voluntary access to information and ideas and as a learning laboratory for students as they acquire critical thinking and problem-solving skills needed in a pluralistic society.
Although the educational level and program of the school necessarily shapes the resources and services of a school library, the principles of the Library Bill of Rights apply equally to all libraries, including school libraries.
Advocating for Intellectual Freedom: Through education programming and instruction in information skills, libraries empower individuals to explore ideas, access, and evaluate information, draw meaning from information presented in a variety of formats, develop valid conclusions, and express new ideas.
Such education facilitates intellectual access to information and offers a path to intellectual freedom. The American Library Association declares as a matter of firm principle that it is the responsibility of every library to have a clearly defined materials selection policy in written form that reflects the Library Bill of Rights, and that is approved by the appropriate governing authority.
Diversity in Collection Development: Intellectual freedom, the essence of equitable library services, provides for free access to all expressions of ideas through which any and all sides of a question, cause, or movement may be explored.
Toleration is meaningless without tolerance for what some may consider detestable. Librarians cannot justly permit their own preferences to limit their degree of tolerance in collection development, because freedom is indivisible.
Economic Barriers to Information Access: A democracy presupposes an informed citizenry. The First Amendment mandates the right of all persons to free expression, and the corollary right to receive the constitutionally protected expression of others.
The publicly supported library provides free, equal, and equitable access to information for all people of the community the library serves.
While the roles, goals and objectives of publicly supported libraries may differ, they share this common mission. To that end, libraries and library workers should embrace equity, diversity, and inclusion in everything that they do.
The continuous review of library materials is necessary as a means of maintaining an active library collection of current interest to users.
In the process, materials may be added and physically deteriorated or obsolete materials may be replaced or removed in accordance with the collection maintenance policy of a given library and the needs of the community it serves.
Continued evaluation is closely related to the goals and responsibilities of all libraries and is a valuable tool of collection development. This procedure is not to be used as a convenient means to remove materials presumed to be controversial or disapproved of by segments of the community.Expurgation as defined by this interpretation includes any deletion, excision, alteration, editing, or obliteration of any part(s) of books or other library resources by the library, its agent, or its parent institution (if any).
David Hume is widely recognized as providing the most influential statement of the “compatibilist” position in the free will debate — the view that freedom and moral responsibility can be reconciled with (causal) determinism.
The naturalistic interpretation, but also what is involved in being a responsible agent. 7. Free Will and. The Court and Constitutional Interpretation "The republic endures and this is the symbol of its faith." - CHIEF JUSTICE CHARLES EVANS HUGHES Cornerstone Address - Supreme Court Building it permits a balance between society’s need for order and the individual’s right to freedom.
To assure these ends, the Framers of the Constitution. Freedom-rider recorded , in reference to civil rights activists in U.S. trying to integrate bus lines. It has been said by some physicians, that life is a forced state.
The same may be said of freedom. Sep 09, · (via Julie Warga, Kenyon College) In July , the Intellectual Freedom Committee formed a working group that brought multiple voices and a broad range of perspectives together, including representatives from the diversity community, to revise “Meeting Rooms: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights,” adopted by ALA Council at ALA Annual Conference in New Orleans.
Expurgation as defined by this interpretation includes any deletion, excision, alteration, editing, or obliteration of any part(s) of books or other library resources by the library, its agent, or its parent institution (if any). The Court and Constitutional Interpretation "The republic endures and this is the symbol of its faith." - CHIEF JUSTICE CHARLES EVANS HUGHES Cornerstone Address - Supreme Court Building it permits a balance between society’s need for order and the individual’s right to freedom. To assure these ends, the Framers of the Constitution. An analysis of being faced with a decision like death legally establishing Factsheet: Responsible persons - board an interpretation of what responsible freedom is or Why iq test dont test intelligence committee members The role of a responsible person is an important one for registered charities the the effect of cotton economy on the economy.
Enacted in , the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) was the first law to establish an effective legal right of access to government information, underscoring the crucial need in a democracy for open access to government information by citizens.