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Where there are fewer women or minorities than would be reasonably expected, the employer has to establish goals. Affirmative action: a program of positive action essay goals do not create guarantees for specific groups or preferences, nor are they designed to achieve proportional representation or equal results.
No requirement exists that any specific position be filled by a person of a particular race, gender or ethnicity. By casting a wider net and recruiting a diverse pool of qualified individuals, an affirmative action employer eliminates preferences and levels the playing field for all. The essence of affirmative action is opportunity.
In seeking to achieve its goals, an employer is never required to hire a person who does not have the qualifications needed to perform the job successfully. Affirmative action prevents discrimination; it does not cause it.
The Executive Order does not require that contractors treat goals as either a ceiling or a floor for the employment of particular groups. The standard is and has always been "good faith effort.
Affirmative Action Programs benefit women, persons with disabilities and veterans as well. The emphasis is on opportunity: The debate over affirmative action demarcates a philosophical divide, separating those with sharply different views of the "American dilemma" -- how the nation should treat African Americans, other people of color and women.
This division centers on a number of questions: The continuing need for affirmative action is demonstrated by the data. In Fiscal Year there were 88, charges of discrimination filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: According to Diversity in Higher Education.
Minority representation in faculty, administrators, and governing boards do not match minority representation in the student body: These initiatives were at least modestly successful, bringing about African-American participation in elections for the first time.
Sporadic efforts to remedy the results of hundreds of years of slavery, segregation and denial of opportunity have been made since the end of the Civil War. A significant number of African Americans held public office, including two U.
But when the federal government withdrew its support for Reconstruction in the late s, the gains made by African Americans were quickly stripped away and replaced by a patchwork system of legal segregation including, in some instances, legal segregation of Latinos, Asians, and Native Americans as well.
Byin Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court upheld the cornerstone segregationist doctrine of "separate but equal" - i. In the modern era, the concept of affirmative action was reborn on June 25,when President Franklin Roosevelt -- seeking to avert a march on Washington organized by civil rights pioneer A.
Philip Randolph -- issued Executive Order requiring defense contractors to pledge nondiscrimination in employment in government-funded projects.
Two years later, President Roosevelt extended coverage of the executive order to all federal contractors and subcontractors. But it also found "the wartime gains of Negro, Mexican-American and Jewish workers. This was succeeded by another executive order Executive Order issued by President Lyndon Johnson, along with the creation of the Office of Federal Contract Compliance in the Department of Labor to enforce its non-discrimination and affirmative action requirements.
The Executive Order was amended in to include prohibitions on sex discrimination by federal contractors, along with a requirement that they engage in good faith efforts to expand job opportunities for women.
Executive Order remains among the most effective and far-reaching federal programs for expanding equal opportunity.
Implementation of affirmative action started slowly, with the construction industry the site of one of the first tests. Inthe Office of Federal Contract Compliance created government-wide programs to redress the years of discrimination in the construction industry.
The series of affirmative action programs was designed to boost minority employment by emphasizing hiring results in federally funded construction jobs. In the Rehabilitation Act required federal agencies and contractors to take affirmative action in employment and promotion for people with disabilities.
The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of called for "the preferential employment of disabled veterans and veterans of the Vietnam era Affirmative action was understood to be the creation of opportunities to compete and not an assurance of success.
The various programs culminated in the "Philadelphia Plan," implemented under President Nixon. This plan required contractors doing business with the federal government to commit themselves to self-determined numerical goals for minorities.
By withstanding challenges both in Congress and the courts, the Philadelphia Plan helped establish affirmative action as a way of life for American employers. Indeed, employers often embraced affirmative action as a good business practice, enabling them to tap into larger, more diverse, and more qualified pools of talent.
In a letter to President Reagan, the business group said it "believes the current executive order provides the framework for an affirmative action policy" and argued that "the business community is concerned that the elimination of goals and timetables could result in confusing compliance standards on federal, state and municipal levels and a proliferation of reverse discrimination suits.
President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Orderwhich bans racial discrimination in any defense industry receiving federal contracts and established the Fair Employment Practices Committee to investigate such complaints.Vision.
The vision of the AASN program is to provide a positive and supportive learning environment where students acquire the necessary knowledge and skills through evidence-based innovative instructions to become a safe and competent practitioner for direct patient care to meet the diverse health care needs of our community.
Affirmative Action Essay Affirmative action refers to programs designed to assist disadvantaged groups of people by giving them certain preferences. Affirmative action goes beyond banning negative treatment of members of specified disadvantaged groups to requiring some form of positive treatment in order to equalize opportunity.
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CLC is an affirmative action, equal opportunity employer and educator. We are committed to a policy of nondiscrimination in employment and education opportunity and work to provide reasonable accommodations for all persons with disabilities. Affirmative action is a plan of positive action.
undertaken with strong belief and attempt to crush the present consequence of past patterns. policies. or barrier to equal employment chances and to accomplish the full and just engagement of adult females.
minorities and persons with disablements found to be underutilized in the work force based on . Essay on Affirmative Action and Discrimination According to Geraldine Leshin, it is "Taking positive or active steps to accomplish the public policy goal of equal employment opportunity." Our school textbook defines affirmative action as “a program established that attempts to improve the chances of minority applicants for educational.