A study of the great wall of china

Beyond Jiumenkou, an offshoot known as the Liaodong Wall continues through Liaoning province and terminates at the Hushan Great Wallin the city of Dandong near the North Korean border.

A study of the great wall of china

Built by a succession of imperial dynasties over the last two millennia, the network of fortifications and towers has evolved over the centuries—defining and defending the outer reaches of Chinese civilization. But one thing is clear: Similarly, others see it as symbolic of the long-time Chinese practice of trying to keep out foreign cultures and influence, rather than absorbing and learning from them.

Building large-scale defensive walls has a long history in China. Walls often surrounded an entire city to protect against marauding nomads and enemies. One of the earliest dates way back to the Shang Dynasty — BCwhich built a tall earthen-wall that enclosed an area of three square kilometers around their capital.

The earliest pieces of the Great Wall were built as early as the 5th century BC, during the so-called Warring States Periodwhen rival states constructed fortifications to defend their borders and irrigated lands against their neighbors as well as non-Chinese nomads from the north.

In BC, he started the gargantuan task of creating the Great Wall 1. But he had between , workers— mostly soldiers, prisoners, and unwilling peasants-turned-slaves—doing the dirty work. The infamously ruthless and iron-fisted First Emperor also left China with its second most famous tourist attraction: In fact, his Great Wall project—along with other major development projects requiring massive labor—caused so much widespread suffering throughout the country that there were several unsuccessful assassination attempts on his life.

With many tourist-friendly sections located near Beijing, these Ming Walls are the impressive, sturdy brick structures that we see in photos today. They stand at almost 25 feet 7m high and almost as wide —they were designed so that 10 soldiers or 5 horses could ride side-by-side. Instead, it was the human factor— political infighting, corruption, cowardice —that proved to be the weak link throughout the history of the Wall.

During a six-decade campaign to invade China, the Mongols penetrated the Great Wall and besieged the capital of Yanjing now Beijing in Mongols were able to regularly find ways of going around sections or through the walls—often by bribing officials and guards.

Since the Ming dynasty was about to be overthrown by an internal rebellion, the Ming general in charge of the pass decided to ally with the Manchus and allowed them to pass through the Wall. The Manchus did help defeat the rebels…but then took control, declared the Qing Dynastyand ruled China for next two and a half centuries.

During the Han Dynasty BCADthe wall extended farther than any other time in history—largely due to the development of the Silk Road which extended as far west as Rome and Persia.

With traders traveling alongside the Wall in huge camel caravans, the Great Wall enabled the development of the Silk Road, which enabled the exposure of different cultures and new ideas, such as Buddhism. The larger Ming-era Walls served well as a sort of elevated highway, enabling them to more easily move goods, equipment, and people across the mountainous terrain.

The answer…depends on whom you ask. Very few sections of the ancient walls remain standing today.

A study of the great wall of china

Adding to the difficulty in determining an authoritative answer to the exact length of the Great Wall of China, historians are still uncovering sections of the wall.

For instance, in Octobera new mile 80km section of the Great Wall was discovered in northwestern China. Just a few months earlier, in AugustChinese archaeologists discovered some 2,year old sections of the wall, dating back to the Han dynasty B.

So the answer depends on how you decide to measure the wall and what sections constitute the Great Wall.

But estimating the actual length of the walls, most estimates have its length between 3, to 4, miles.To see some great examples of China more “modern” (but still ancient) surviving city walls, head to Nanjing or Xi’an.. The earliest pieces of the Great Wall were built as early as the 5 th century BC, during the so-called Warring States Period, when rival states constructed fortifications to defend their borders and irrigated lands against their neighbors (as well as non-Chinese nomads.

Like a writhing dragon’s tail, the Great Wall of China snakes its way across China’s northern border. As its name suggests, the Great Wall is an imposing architectural marvel, and it’s often. The Great Wall of China is renowned as one of the most impressive and intriguing man-made structures on earth.

It is also the subject of an awesome mythology, embedded in both learned and popular imaginations, which has grown up and now obscured the historical record. Addie Roy Rd. A Austin, TX USA Great Wall China Adoption is a (c)3 non-profit organization based in Austin, Texas.

Since , Great Wall has assisted the Chinese government in placing more than 9, children with forever families. Underground ant city in Brazil that 'rivals the Great Wall of China' with a labyrinth of highways.

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RESISTANCE WARS -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China